Section Title

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is cancer of the colon or rectum. Of cancers affecting both men and women, colorectal cancer is the second leading cancer killer in the United States.

The great news is that colorectal cancer screening saves lives. Screening can find precancerous polyps—abnormal growths in the colon or rectum—so that they can be removed before turning into cancer. Screening also helps find colorectal cancer at an early stage, when treatment often leads to a cure.

About nine out of every 10 people whose colorectal cancer is found early and treated are still alive five years later. Colorectal cancer screening is recommended for men and women who are 50 years of age and older. Some people may be at higher risk because of family history of colorectal cancer, bowel disease, or genetic disorders. These individuals should talk to their doctor about screening.

There are several screening tests that are recommended by the US Preventive Services Task Force to find polyps or colorectal cancer:

Risk Factors


Source: South Dakota Department of Health, Workplace Wellness Toolkit